Winnie Madikizela-Mandela

Winnie Madikizela Mandela tsoala Nomzamo Zaniyiwe Madikizela,26 September 1936-2 April 2018 hape tsejoa joala ka Winnie Mandela e ne e le a African e ke boroa anti-apartheid activist le ralipolotiki oa Nelson Mandela. O sebelitse e le setho sa litho tsa mele ho tloha 1994 ho fihlela 2003 le 2009 ho fihlela lefung. Hape e ne e le motlatsi oa letona la bonono le setso ho tloha 1994 ho fihlehla ka 1994. Setho sa mokha o[1]a lipolotiki oa naha oa africa congress ( ANC)mo sebelisitse Komiti e kholo ea ANC mme o etelletse pele mokhatlo oa basil.

Mopalamente wa Winnie Madikizela-Mandela OLS (yo o tshotsweng Nomzamo Winifred Zanyiwe Madikizela; 26 Lwetse 1936[2]- 2 Moranang 2018), [3] yo gape a bidiwang Winnie Mandela, e ne e le moeteledipele wa Aforika Borwa yo o lwantseng le tlhaolele le boradipolotiki, le mosadi wa bobedi wa Nelson Mandela. O sebelitse e le setho sa Paramente ho tloha 1994 ho fihlela 2003, le ho tloha ka 2009 ho fihlela lefung la hae, [2] mme e ne e le motlatsi oa letona la bonono le setso ho tloha 1994 ho fihlela ka 1996. Setho sa African National Congress (ANC) lipolotiki mokete, o sebelitse O hlahetse lelapa la Mpondo [3] Bizana, hape e le mosebetsi oa boiketlo ba sechaba, o ile a nyaloa ke moemeli oa khatello ea khethollo ea morabe, Nelson Mandela, Johannesburg ka 1958; ba qetile lilemo tse 38 ba nyalane mme ba bile le bana ba babeli. Ka 1963, kamora hore Mandela a kenngoe teronkong kamora Teko ea Rivonia; e bile sefahleho sa hae sa phatlalatsa nakong ea lilemo tse 27 tseo a li qetileng teronkong. Nakong eo, o ile a hlahella ka sehlohlolong ka hare ho mokhatlo oa lapeng o neng o le khahlanong le khethollo. O ile a ts'oaroa ke litšebeletso tsa ts'ireletso ea mmuso oa khethollo ka makhetlo a fapaneng, a hlokofatsoa, [4] a fuoa litaelo tse thibeloang, a lelekeloa toropong ea mahaeng, mme a qeta likhoeli tse 'maloa a le litlamong a le mong.[5] e Akaretsang ea Naha ea ANC mme a etella pele Lekhotla la bona la Basali. Madikizela-Mandela o ne a tsejoa ke batšehetsi ba hae e le "Mme oa Sechaba"

Bohareng ba bo-1980 Madikizela-Mandela o ile a ba le "puso ea tšabo", mme o ne a le "setsing sa orgy ea pefo"[6] [7] Soweto, e ileng ea lebisa ho nyatsuoang ke mokhatlo o khahlanong le khethollo ho Afrika Boroa , [8] le khalemelo e matla ke ANC botlamuoeng. Nakong ena, ntlo ea hae e ile ea chesoa ke baahi ba Soweto.[9] Khomishene ea 'Nete le Poelano (TRC) e thehiloeng ke mmuso oa Nelson Mandela ho etsa lipatlisiso tsa tlhekefetso ea litokelo tsa botho e fumane hore Madikizela-Mandela o ne a "ikarabella lipolotiking le ka boitshwaro bakeng sa tlolo e mpe ea litokelo tsa botho tse entsoeng ke" Mandela United Soccer Club ", lintlha tsa hae tsa polokeho . [10][11] Madikizela-Mandela o ne a qosoa ka ho tšehetsa moqhaka oa mapolesa a neng a qosoa ka hore ke bo-ramatsete le basebetsi ba mmuso ba khethollo, 'me lintlha tsa hae tsa ts'ireletso li ile tsa ts'oara polao, tlhokofatso le polao, polao ea Stompie Sepei ea lilemo li 14 [12] eo a neng a le molato oa ho koeteloa ha hae.[13]Nelson Mandela o ile a lokolloa teronkong ka la 11 Pherekhong 1990, mme balekane ba arohana ka 1992; tlhalo ea bona e phethetsoe ka Hlakubele 1996. O ile a mo etela nakong ea bokuli ba hae ba ho qetela. Ha e le motho ea phahameng sechabeng sa ANC, o ile a nka karolo pusong ea mmuso oa nako ea khethollo ea ANC, leha a ne a lelekiloe mosebetsing oa hae ka lebaka la liqoso tsa bobolu. Ka 2003, o ile a fumanoa a le molato oa bosholu. O ile a tlohela nakoana lipolotiking pele a khutla ka mor'a lilemo tse 'maloa.

Lebitso la Sexhosa la Madikizela-Mandela e ne e le Nomzamo ("She eo leka"). O hlahetse motsaneng oa Mbongweni, Bizana, Pondoland, sebakeng seo hona joale e leng profinse ea Kapa Bochabela. E ne e le oa bohlano ho bana ba robong, likhaitseli tse supileng le moena. Batsoali ba hae, Columbus le Gertrude, ba neng ba e-na le ntate oa mosoeu le 'mè oa Maxhosa,[14] ka bobeli e ne e le matichere. Columbus e ne e le mosuoe oa nalane ebile e le mosuoe-hlooho, 'me Gertrude e ne e le tichere ea mahlale a lapeng. Gertrude o ile a hlokahala ha Winnie a le lilemo li robong, ho ileng ha fella ka karohano ea lelapa labo ha banab'abo ba romeloa ho ea lula le beng ka bona ba fapaneng.

Ha a qeta ho tlohela sekolo, o ile Johannesburg ho ea ithuta mosebetsi oa boiketlo sekolong sa Jan Hofmeyr of Social Work. O fumane lengolo la degree ka mosebetsi oa boiketlo ba sechaba ka 1956, 'me lilemo tse' maloa hamorao o ile a fumana lengolo la bachelor likamanong tsa machaba ho tsoa Univesithing ea Witwatersrand. O ile a tšoara mesebetsi e mengata libakeng tse fapaneng tseo ka nako eo e neng e le Bantustan of Transkei; ho kenyeletsoa le mmuso oa Transkei, o lulang libakeng tse fapaneng Bizana, Shawbury le Johannesburg. Mosebetsi oa hae oa pele e ne e le mosebeletsi oa kahisano sepetleleng sa Baragwanath, Soweto.

Winnie Madikizela-Mandela o hlokahalletse sepetlele sa Netcare Milpark, Johannesburg ka la 2 Mmesa 2018 a le lilemo li 81. O tšoeroe ke lefu la tsoekere mme o sa tsoa etsa liopereishene tse kholo tse 'maloa.[15] "O ne a le ho tsoa le sepetlele ho tloha ha selemo se qala".

Boemong bo etellang pele lepatong la Madikizela Mandela, tikolohong e aparetsoeng ke lipolotiki [54] hang kamora ho lelekoa ha mopresidente oa mehleng Jacob Zuma,[16] Jessie Duarte, moetapele ea phahameng oa ANC, o lemositse bahanyetsi "ho lula fatše le ho koala", le moetapele oa Economic Freedom Fighters, Julius Malema, a re "mang kapa mang ea qosang 'M` e Win Win ka tlolo ea molao e fe kapa e fe o molato. "

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  1. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/06/nelson-winnie-mandela-marriage
  2. 2.0 2.1 https://www.brandsouthafrica.com/governance/developmentnews/jacob-zuma-set-for-presidency
  3. 3.0 3.1 http://www.702.co.za/articles/298087/winnie-was-born-mpondo-princess-from-an-important-eastern-cape-family
  4. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/apr/02/winnie-madikizela-mandela-obituary
  5. https://www.iol.co.za/mercury/opinion-the-conscience-of-a-nation-that-has-forgotten-apartheid-14240988
  6. https://www.businesslive.co.za/bd/opinion/2018-04-13-has-truth-become-a-casualty-of-winnies-rejection-of-accountability/
  7. https://mg.co.za/article/2014-10-21-five-times-winnie-mandela-let-us-down
  8. https://www.businesslive.co.za/bd/opinion/2018-04-13-has-truth-become-a-casualty-of-winnies-rejection-of-accountability/
  9. https://www.politicsweb.co.za/news-and-analysis/winnie-madikizelamandela-and-the-ghosts-of-crimes-
  10. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/winnie-mandela-dead-madikizela-nelson-wife-life-story-obituary-anc-football-club-soweto-apartheid-a8285581.html
  11. http://www.justice.gov.za/trc/report/finalreport/Volume%202.pdf
  12. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2003/apr/27/southafrica.andrewmalone
  13. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-safrica-winniemandela/winnie-mandela-tarnished-mother-of-post-apartheid-south-africa-idUSKCN1H91A6
  14. https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/lifestyle/1994/04/30/the-resurrected-winnie-mandela/69010af8-2657-4846-a60b-1a595f5089d1/
  15. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/02/world/africa/winnie-mandela-dead.html
  16. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/02/world/africa/winnie-mandela-dead.html